Development of Composite Material for Wind Turbine Blades

  • Prince Yaw Andoh Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Anthony Agyei-Agyemang Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Peter Oppong Tawiah Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Charles Kofi Kafui Sekyere Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Charles McCarthy Asante Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Keywords: Bamboo fibre, Composite materials, Wind turbine blades, High density polyethylene, Mechanical tests

Abstract

Rapid increases in the prices of conventional turbine blade making materials as well as future sustainability issues is attracting research interest in the development of polymer composites for turbine blade applications. This study examines the suitability of using a novel bamboo fibre and recycled plastics composite developed for wind turbine blade application. Bamboo fibre was extracted from raw bamboo by chemical and mechanical processes. Recycled High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) was collected, cut into pieces, cleaned and combined with extracted bamboo fibre to form the composite. The percentage ratio of fibre content in the ten specimens ranged from 2.5% to 25%. A series of mechanical tests were conducted on the specimens, including tensile test, impact test, water absorption test and sun radiation test. Results established that as the percentage of bamboo fibre in the specimen increased, the tensile strength and impact energy also increased. Water absorption and sun radiation tests conducted on specimen X revealed no meaningful impact its mechanical properties. Hence, the most significant deduction from this study is that the specimen with 25% bamboo fibre and 75% HDPE matrix possesses the quality that qualifies it to be used as a material for wind turbine blade fabrication.

References

Abilash, N., & Sivapragash, M. J. K. S. U. (2016). Optimizing the delamination failure in bamboo fiber reinforced polyester composite. Journal of King Saud University-Engineering Sciences, 28(1), 92-102.

Constable, G., Llewellyn, D., Walford, S. A., & Clement, J. D. (2015). Cotton breeding for fiber quality improvement. In Industrial crops (pp. 191-232). Springer, New York, NY.

Eker, B., Akdogan, A., & Vardar, A. (2006). Using of composite material in wind turbine blades. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(14), 2917-2921.

Fitch P.E., & Cooper J.S., (2004). Life cycle energy analysis as a method for material selection. Trans ASME 2004; 126:798-804.

Hunter, I. R. (2002). Bamboo resources, uses and trade: the future?. J Bamboo Rattan, 2, 1-19.

Kalkanis, K., Psomopoulos, C. S., Kaminaris, S., Ioannidis, G., & Pachos, P. (2019). Wind turbine blade composite materials-End of life treatment methods. Energy Procedia, 157, 1136-1143.

Khalil, H. A., Bhat, I. U. H., Jawaid, M., Zaidon, A., Hermawan, D., & Hadi, Y. S. (2012). Bamboo fibre reinforced biocomposites: A review. Materials & Design, 42, 353-368.

Muhammad, A., Rahman, M. R., Hamdan, S., & Sanaullah, K. (2019). Recent developments in bamboo fiber-based composites: a review. Polymer bulletin, 76(5), 2655-2682.

Morales, A. P., Maciel, R. N., Silva, V. D., & Silva, A. D. S. (2011). Tempo de reação motora no Voleibol. Perspectivas online: Biologia e saúde, 3(1), 42-49.

Qin, L., Wen-Ji, Y., & Yang-lun, Y. (2012). Research on properties of reconstituted bamboo lumber made by thermo-treated bamboo bundle curtains. Forest Products Journal, 62(7-8), 545-550.

Zhang, X., Fu, J., Paulo, A. C., Yu, C., & Guebitz, G. M. (2012). Bioprocessing of bamboo materials.

Published
2021-07-02
How to Cite
Andoh, P. Y., Agyei-Agyemang, A., Tawiah, P. O., Sekyere, C. K. K., & Asante, C. M. (2021). Development of Composite Material for Wind Turbine Blades. Journal of Applied Engineering and Technological Science (JAETS), 2(2), 139 - 150. https://doi.org/10.37385/jaets.v2i2.211
Abstract viewed = 17 times
PDF downloaded = 15 times