Membangun Kesiapan Kerja Mahasiswa Ditinjau Dari Pelatihan, Dukungan Sosial Dan Efikasi Diri

Authors

  • Tia Mitra STIE Bank BPD Jateng
  • Khoirul Attiq STIE Bank BPD Jateng

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37385/msej.v5i2.4313

Keywords:

Training, Social Support, Self-Efficacy, Work Readiness

Abstract

The aim of this research is to evaluate whether training and social support have an impact on work readiness, with self-efficacy as an intervening variable. The research population includes undergraduate students in Semarang city who have participated in competency training, with a sample size of 94 students selected through purposive sampling using the Slovin formula. Data was collected through a survey using a questionnaire instrument. The results of this study indicate that : (1)Training (X1) has a significant positive effect on work readiness (Y), (2) Training (X1) also has a positive effect on self-efficacy (Z), (3) Self-efficacy (Z) has a positive effect on work readiness (Y), (4) Social support (X2) does not have a significant effect on work readiness (Y), (5) Social support (X2) has a positive effect on self-efficacy (Z), (6,7) Furthermore, the test of indirect effects indicates that self-efficacy (Z) positively mediates the relationship between training (X1) and work readiness (Y), as well as the relationship between social support (X2) and work readiness (Y).

References

Abdillah, W. A. (2022). Artikel Human Resource Management?: Application Of Theory And Practice In Internal Organizations. 3(1), 21–28.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T

Bambang Junipitoyo, I Wayan Susila, & Any Sutiadiningsih. (2021). Literature Study On The Effect Of On The Job Training On Work Readiness. International Journal of Science, Technology & Management, 2(1), 48–53. https://doi.org/10.46729/ijstm.v2i1.150

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy in Changing Societies. Cambridge University Press. https://www.google.co.id/books/edition/Self_Efficacy_in_Changing_Societies/JbJnOAoLMNEC?hl=id&gbpv=0

BPS Jawa tengah. (2022). Jumlah perguruan tinggi1, Mahasiswa2 (negeri dan swasta) kota semarang 2022. jateng.bps.go.id

Brown, S.D. & Lent, R. . (2005). Preparing Adolescents to Make Career Decision. Conecticut?: Information Age Publishing.

Cabrera, W. C. (2020). Development and Validation of Work Readiness Assessment Scale for Home Economics Graduates. 1(2), 70–109.

Chaves-Barboza, E., Solá-Martínez, T., Marín-Marín, J. A., & Sanz-Prieto, M. (2019). Self-efficacy of teachers in initial training: A comparison between the populations of two universities. Education Sciences, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9030188

Christy, B. Y., & Suprayogi, M. N. (2022). Peer Social Support and Academic Self-Efficacy Among Freshmen Students. Proceedings of the 3rd Tarumanagara International Conference on the Applications of Social Sciences and Humanities (TICASH 2021), 655(Ticash 2021), 1698–1702. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220404.275

Clarke, M., & Patrickson, M. (2014). The new covenant of employability. July. https://doi.org/10.1108/01425450810843320

Creed, P. A. (2014). Causal Relationship Between Career Indecision and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy?: A Longitudinal Cross-Lagged Analysis. May.

Czyz, Ewa K.; Liu, Zhuqing; King, C. A. (2012). Social Connectedness and One-Year Trajectories Among Suicidal Adolescents Following Psychiatric Hospitalization. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15374416.2012.651998

Dessler, G. (2015). Sumber Daya Manusia. Salemba Empat.

Douglass, C., & Morris, S. R. (2014). Student perspectives on self-directed learning. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 14(1), 13–25. https://doi.org/10.14434/josotl.v14i1.3202

Eliyani, C., Yanto, H., & Sunarto. (2016). Determinan Kesiapan Kerja Siswa SMK Kelas XII Kompetensi Keahlian Akuntansi di Kota Semarang. Journal of Economic Education, 5(1), 22–30.

Ginting, M. L. B. (2021). Perluasan Kesempatan Kerja Bagi Freshgraduate di Masa Pandemi Covid-19, Apa Peran Pemerintah?

Islam, A., Ali, M., & Hasan, N. (2020). Impact of Training Program on Self-Efficacy: An Empirical Study on the Faculty Members of Universities in Bangladesh. World Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 2(1), 37–45. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.119.2020.21.37.45

Jumadin. (2023). Kualitas Pembelajaran Dan Kesiapan Kerja Lulusan Pendidikan Vokasi. Rizmedia Pustaka Indonesia.

Kartini, F. (2021). Edukasi Holistik Meningkatkan Self Efficacy Ibu Menghadapi Persalinan. Deepublish. https://www.google.co.id/books/edition/Edukasi_Holistik_Meningkatkan_Self_Effic/JmwjEAAAQBAJ?hl=id&gbpv=0

Kusumaryoko, P. (2020). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Di Era Revolusi Industri 4.0. Deepublish. https://www.google.co.id/books/edition/Manajemen_Sumber_Daya_Manusia_Di_Era_Rev/PAUhEAAAQBAJ?hl=id&gbpv=0

Kuswana, W, S. (2013). Filsafat Pendidikan Teknologi, Vokasi, dan Kejuruan. Alfabeta.

liu, susu. (2019). Social Support Networks, Coping and Positive Aging Among the Community-Dwelling Elderly in Hong Kong. Springer Nature Singapore. https://www.google.co.id/books/edition/Social_Support_Networks_Coping_and_Posit/vI2CDwAAQBAJ?hl=id&gbpv=0

Maddy, L., Cannon, J., & Lichtenberger, E. (2015). The Effects of Social Support on Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Job Search Efficacy in the Unemployed. Journal of Employment Counseling, 52. https://doi.org/10.1002/joec.12007

Msigwa, R., Kipesha, E. F., & Road, L. (2013). Determinants of Youth unemployment in Developing Countries?: Evidences from Tanzania. 4(14), 67–77.

Neill, M. O. (2023). The Impact Of Social Networks On College Readiness Between Genders.

Nichols, A., Mitchell, J., & Lindner, S. (2013). Consequences of Long-Term Unemployment.

Prakoso, S. R., & Affandi, G. R. (2018). Role of Self-Efficacy and Social Support on Work Readiness Among Student at Ypm 8 Vocational Highschool , Sidoarjo [ Peranan Efikasi Diri Dan Dukungan Sosial Terhadap Kesiapan Kerja Pada Siswa SMK YPM 8 Sidoarjo ]. Di, 1–9.

Pratiwi, L. D., & Rini, H. P. (2023). The Influence of Self Efficacy , Competence , and Training on Work Readiness ( Study on MSIB Management Study Program UPN " Veteran " East Java Students ). 2(2), 401–409. https://doi.org/10.55299/ijec.v2i2.535

Putri, S. I., Hedo, D. J. P. K., & Apriananda, R. (2022). The Theory of Planned Behavior on Adolescents Sexual Behavior in Malang, East Java. 468–478. https://doi.org/10.26911/icphpromotion.fp.08.2021.05

Qutni, D., Kristiawan, M., & Fitriani, Y. (2021). Human Resource Management in Improving The Quality of Education. 2(2), 354–366.

Rahayu, S., & Imran, A. (2023). Hubungan Efikasi Diri dengan Kesiapan Kerja pada Mahasiswa yang sedang Mempersiapkan Skripsi. 2(3), 52–56.

Rahim, N. S. A., Jaafar, W. M. W., & Arsad, N. M. (2021). Career Maturity and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy as Predictors of Career Adaptability among Students in Foundation Program, Universiti Putra Malaysia. Asian Journal of University Education, 17(4), 464–477. https://doi.org/10.24191/ajue.v17i4.16181

Santoso, I. (2021). Pendidikan Pelatihan (Diklat), Iklim Organisasi, dan Motivasi Berprestasi Pengaruhnya pada Kinerja Guru. Penerbit NEM. https://www.google.co.id/books/edition/Pendidikan_Pelatihan_Diklat_Iklim_Organi/6uBDEAAAQBAJ?hl=id&gbpv=0

Sarafino, E. P. (2014). Health psychology: Biopsychosocial interaction second edition (I. John Wiley & Sons (ed.)).

Sufirmansyah, S. (2015). Pengaruh efikasi diri terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa pascasarjana prodi pai stain kediri dengan motivasi sebagai variabel intervening. 3(2), 133–156. http://dx.doi.org/10.30762/didaktika.v3i2.166

Syofyan, R. (2021). The Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Work Readiness of Universitas Negeri Padang Students during the Covid- 19 Pandemic. Proceedings of the Eight Padang International Conference On Economic Education, Economics, Business and Management, Accounting and Entrepreneurship (PICEEBA-8 2021), 659(1), 391–393.

Tentama, F., & Riskiyana, E. R. (2020). The role of social support and self-regulation on work readiness among students in vocational high school. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 9(4), 826–832. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v9i4.20578

Tosi, H. L., Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1991). A Theory of Goal Setting and Task Performance. The Academy of Management Review, 16(2), 480. https://doi.org/10.2307/258875

Wandasari, P., Psikologi, P. S., & Samarinda, U. M. (2019). Hubungan Efektivitas Pelatihan Dengan Kesiapan Kerja Pada Calon Tenaga Kerja yang Telah Mengikuti Pelatihan Pemagangan. 7(2), 311–318.

Wibowo, N. (2015). Upaya Memperkecil Kesenjangan Kompetensi Lulusan. 45–50.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-03

How to Cite

Mitra, T., & Attiq, K. . (2024). Membangun Kesiapan Kerja Mahasiswa Ditinjau Dari Pelatihan, Dukungan Sosial Dan Efikasi Diri. Management Studies and Entrepreneurship Journal (MSEJ), 5(2), 4648–4665. https://doi.org/10.37385/msej.v5i2.4313